Xanax: Types, Uses, Side Effects, Dosage, and Warning

Brand Name: Xanax, Xanax XR

Generic Name: Alprazolam

Xanax is helpful to alleviate symptoms of anxiety, along with anxiety as a result of despair. It is likewise useful to deal with panic disorder in a few patients.

Xanax (Alprazolam) is a benzodiazepine. Benzodiazepines belong to central nervous system (CNS) depressants, which can be medicines that slow down the central nervous system. This product is available in the following Xanax dosage forms:

  • Tablet
  • Tablet, Disintegrating
  • Solution
  • Tablet, Extended Release

Types of Xanax

Alprazolam is a powerful drug with many brief-time periods and long-lasting results. It is available in various types of Xanax, sort of shapes, sizes, and colorations. Each manufacturer desires to make their tablets particular and offer them a function shape and shade that is why they make.

Different types of Xanax.

The tablet color is generally because of FDA-permitted colorants. It is an excellent concept to be aware of the exclusive shades and shapes of Alprazolam. This is beneficial in figuring out suspected dependence in a friend or a family member.

Green Xanax Bars

Several exclusive pharmaceutical agencies produce this shape of medication. Each producer imprints the drugs with their precise characteristics. Green Xanax bars S 90 3 are comparable in power to white and yellow Xanax bars and generally include 2 mg. Therefore, the outcomes of the green tablets are similar to those seen with yellow and white bars.

White Xanax Bar

These square bars comprise 2 mg of the positive aspect and go via the road name sticks. White is the most commonplace color for medications so is the color of the white Xanax bars. Many pharmaceutical groups around the world produce capsules of this shade.

Yellow Xanax Bar

Yellow Xanax bars R039 tablet form is the familiar shape of the drug and has the wide variety 039 imprinted on it from time to time. The strength of yellow Xanax bars is 2 mg, and they’re comparable in effect to the white-colored ones. The color difference is because of the pills being manufactured via specific businesses. The avenue name for this type of Alprazolam consists of a yellow school bus because of the shade and form.

Blue Xanax Bar

Most blue Xanax bars incorporate 1 mg of Alprazolam, except for the 2 mg bar. Users can spoil the pills in 1/2 to devour a 0.5 mg dose. These capsules are schedule IV controlled materials available by prescription best. The spherical blue Xanax bars B 7 0 7 tablet of one mg strength gets imprinted with 031 R by many manufacturers. The blue color of those drugs comes from some inactive substances which are useful as fillers. These colors are FDA-accepted and are safe for human consumption. Blue football Xanax receives its name from the oblong form that is straightforward to ingest.

Xanax Uses

There are two primary situations for which this medication is helpful include anxiety disorder and panic disorder. The use of Xanax includes anxiety disorders that can affect each grownup and kids. The second is panic problems that are associated with anxiety and psychiatric disorders. When taken as prescribed, Xanax pills can assist in stopping episodes of severe, irrational worry or anxiety when they start to arise.

Both the prolonged-release and the standard form of Xanax take effect quickly at the nervous system, calming the brain and nerves with the aid of growing tiers of the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) inside the mind. Xanax medication is a central nervous system depressant, which means that it also slows down crucial capabilities like respiration and heartbeat. Xanax use without a health practitioner’s prescription or taking the drugs inappropriately can bring about over-sedation, overdose, and dying. Like other pills inside the class of benzodiazepines, Xanax also can cause dependence and addiction while used for nonmedical reasons.

Anxiety disorder

According to a file from IMS Health, Alprazolam constantly ranks as one of the maximum regularly distributed psychotropic drugs inside the United States. In 2012, over forty-nine million prescriptions were written for Xanax, making it the 13th maximum widely prescribed medicine within the united states of America and the most extensively prescribed psychiatric medication. However, the developing reputation of Alprazolam pills have additionally made the treatment greater without problems to be had for recreational users who abuse or misuse the medication.

The most common Xanax uses include the control of anxiety problems. Anxiety affects over 18-20 percent of American adults, in keeping with the National Institute of Mental Health, and about 22 percent of those people suffer from excessive anxiety symptoms, including the subsequent:

  • Persistent feelings of fear that are not primarily on the basis of reality
  • Frequent durations of restlessness or nervousness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Heart palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sensations of tightness in the throat or chest
  • Sweating

Anxiety medications can be helpful as this condition may be a disabling circumstance, interfering with jobs, faculty, relationships, or social activities. When prescribed for tension, Xanax is customarily endorsed for short-term use to save you abuse or dependence.

Panic disorder

After successful clinical trials, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized the use of Xanax bars for the remedy of panic disorder. People with the panic disorder can experience crippling attacks of anxiety, especially in public locations. The fear (or restlessness) of having a panic attack in front of other human beings often triggers similar panic attacks resulting in social isolation and despair. Panic disorder signs and symptoms like the following may be so terrifying that the individual may additionally fear that they are about to die:

  • An overwhelming experience of dread or doom
  • Pain or strain inside the chest
  • A feeling of choking or suffocating
  • Irregular or speedy heartbeat
  • Heavy sweating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Tremors and shaking
  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • An experience of being indifferent from reality


Xanax Side Effects

Long with the therapeutic Xanax effects, the medication can also cause some unwanted results. Usually, the side effects of Xanax are mild and go away within several days of use. However, people who abuse or misuse this medicine can have some severe Xanax side effects.

Common side effects of Xanax

  • Drowsiness
  • Forgetfulness
  • Irritability
  • Lightheadedness
  • Lack of appetite
  • Shakiness or unsteadiness
  • Feeling empty or sad
  • Slurred speech

Rare Xanax side effects

  • Blurred vision
  • Dark urine
  • Dry mouth
  • Ear congestion
  • Body pain
  • Fainting
  • Diarrhea

Severe side effects of Xanax

  • Weight loss
  • Increased or decreased appetite
  • Inability to keep an erection
  • Allergic reaction
  • Heartburn
  • Slowed CNS
  • Problematic breathing
  • Dependence and withdrawal

Xanax Dosage

Patients should take Xanax dosage as directed. Take this medicine simplest as directed by using your doctor. Do not take extra of it, do not take it more regularly, and do not take it for an extended time than your medical doctor ordered. If you use too much of this medication for a long time, it can come to be addiction-forming (causing intellectual or bodily dependence) or cause a Xanax overdose.

This medication needs to include a Medication Guide. Read and comply with the commands carefully. Ask your physician when you have any questions.

Swallow the prolonged-release pill or tablet complete with a full glass of water. Do not wreck, overwhelm, or chunk it.

If you’re using the orally disintegrating tablet, ensure your hands are dry earlier than you manage the pill. Do no longer put off the pills from the bottle till you’re ready to take it. Place the tablet at once at the top of your tongue. It ought to soften quickly and get swallowed with saliva.

The dose of Xanax could be specific for unique sufferers. Follow your physician’s orders or the directions on the label of Xanax pills. The following information includes only the average Xanax doses. If your dose is particular, do not trade it unless your health practitioner tells you to do so.

The amount of medications that you take depends on the energy of the medicines. Also, the wide variety of doses you are taking each day, the time allowed between doses, and the duration of taking the medication rely on the medical trouble for which you are using the medicine.

For anxiety disorder:


Starting at 0.25 to 0.5 milligram (mg) three times a day. Your medical doctor may also increase your dose as wanted. However, the dose is typically no longer more than 4 mg according to day.

Older adults

Starting at 0.25 mg 2 or three times an afternoon. Your health practitioner can also increase your dose as required.


Use and Xanax dose should get determined by your doctor.

For panic disorder:


At first, 0.5 to 1 milligram (mg) taken in the morning once a day. Your medical doctor may also boom your dose as wanted. However, the dose is generally now not extra than 10 mg per day.

Older adults

At first, 0.5 mg taken within the morning as soon as a day. Your health practitioner may also boom your dose as wanted.


Use and Xanax dose must get decided by using your doctor.


In finding out to apply medication, the risks of taking the medication ought to get weighed against the coolest it’s going to do. This is a selection you and your medical doctor will make. Before using Xanax pills, keep the following warnings and precautions in mind:


Tell your health practitioner when you have ever had any uncommon or allergy to this medicine or every other medicine (Xanax allergic reactions). Also, inform your fitness care professional when you have many different kinds of allergic reactions, including ingredients, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription ingredients, examine the label or package substances cautiously.


Appropriate studies have not finished on the relationship of age to the consequences of Alprazolam in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have no proof. Xanax bars are not safe for kids.


Appropriate research completed thus far has not confirmed geriatric-specific issues that might limit the usefulness of Alprazolam in the aged. However, aged patients are much more likely to have undesirable Xanax effects (e.g., extreme drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, clumsiness, or unsteadiness) and kidney, liver, or lung problems, which may additionally require warning and an adjustment in the Xanax dose for patients receiving this medication.


Studies in female breastfeeding have established dangerous infant consequences. A doctor should prescribe a lower dose of Xanax, or you ought to forestall breastfeeding during the use of this medicine.

Medication Interactions

Although certain medications need not be used together in any respect, in other instances, extraordinary medicines can be useful collectively, even supposing an interaction may arise. In those cases, your medical doctor may additionally want to trade the dose, or different precautions can be necessary. When you take Xanax medication, it is in particular crucial that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medication treatments listed underneath. The following interactions have been decided on the premise of their ability importance and aren’t always all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the subsequent medicines isn’t always advocated as Xanax drug interactions can be severe. Your health practitioner might also decide not to deal with you with this medication or change a number of the opposite medication treatments you take.

  • Boceprevir
  • Clarithromycin
  • Cobicistat
  • Conivaptan
  • Flumazenil
  • Idelalisib
  • Indinavir
  • Itraconazole
  • Ketoconazole
  • Lopinavir
  • Nefazodone
  • Nelfinavir
  • Posaconazole
  • Saquinavir
  • Telaprevir
  • Telithromycin
  • Voriconazole

Using this medication with any of the following medication treatments may cause a multiplied danger of specific side effects; however, using each capsule can be an exceptional treatment for you. If a doctor prescribes both medication treatments collectively, your doctor may change or alter the Xanax dose or how regularly you use one or both of the medications.

  • Fluoxetine
  • Kava
  • Rifapentine
  • Roxithromycin
  • Sertraline
  • St John’s Wort
  • Theophylline
  • Troleandomycin

Other Interactions

Using Xanax bars with any subsequent is typically no longer encouraged; however, it can be unavoidable in a few cases. If used together, your physician might also alternate the dose or how frequently you operate this medicine or give you unique commands about using food, alcohol, or tobacco.

  • Ethanol
  • Grapefruit Juice

Medical Problems

The presence of different clinical issues may additionally affect the usage of Xanax. Make sure you tell your doctor when you have any other medical troubles, specifically:

  • Alcohol or medication abuse or dependence, records of or
  • Depression, or records of or
  • Lung or respiratory problems (e.g., respiration despair) or
  • Mania, or records of or
  • Mental health problems, or records of or
  • Seizures, or records of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Glaucoma, acute slim perspective—Should not use in sufferers with this circumstance.
  • Kidney disease or
  • Liver ailment—Use with caution. The results may get improved because of the slower elimination of the medications from the body.

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